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Harvest Festival Of India

Harvest Festival Of India
By shashank
Published on November 23, 2022

Harvest Festival Of India Festivities and celebrations are a major part of the culture of India, which is renowned as a vibrant and vibrant country. Harvest festivals are observed at various periods throughout the year throughout India's 29 states.

This year's first harvest has been celebrated as a joyous occasion by the people who do so with joy. Due to differences in climatic circumstances, harvest celebrations are held at various times in India.

An annual harvest festival occurs during the peak harvest season in a certain area. The celebrations of Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Lohri, and Bihu are all called quite different things in their respective locations, yet they all have the same meaning.

All of India's harvest festivals are a way to express gratitude for the abundance that has been bestowed upon them. Most Indians are involved in some kind of farming.

New harvests are eagerly harvested by framing farmers, who do it with considerable enthusiasm. Growers around the nation are in a good mood at this time of year.

They have a lot of pleasure and recreation in honor of the food they produce. Even in metropolitan areas, people participate in various ways in the festivities.

Here are some of the greatest and most prominent harvest festivals held in various Indian states. Because of the country's large geography and abundance of crops, harvest festivities are held often.

Some revered Rabbi crops, while others celebrated Kharif crops. Both occasions call for prayers for soil fertility, which is directly related to the well-being of individuals and their families.

Harvest Festival Of India

Makar Sankranti

The day of Sankranti is a celebration of the Sun God. In Hinduism, the term is also applied to a certain day of the week. After months of cold weather, the Sun begins a new zodiac sign known as Capricorn on this fortunate day.

Every 80 years, the date of Sankranti is postponed by one day to compensate for the difference that occurs owing to the rotation of the Sun. It starts its northward trek on Makar Sankranti.

Thus, Uttarayan is the name given to this celebration. Farmers throughout the nation send their best wishes on this auspicious day.

It's a celebration to commemorate the Sun's entry into the Capricorn Zodiac sign, symbolized by the event. Using a solar calendar, this day is always on January 14th.

On top of all that, it heralds a fresh cycle of growing seasons by signaling the end of winter. Environmental and religious importance might be found in the same item. The Hindu calendar considers being one of the greatest fortunate days.

Where is Makar Sankranti celebrated - All over India

Key Attraction - Kumbh Mela in addition to a variety of mouthwatering sweet foods composed of sesame and jaggery.

Date - 14th January

Pongal

The Tamils have a harvest celebration called Pongal. Celebrate the bounty of the harvest by expressing your gratitude to the Sun, Mother Nature, and the many domesticated animals.

Pongal, a four-day festival, ushers in the Tamil month of Thai and is said to bring good fortune. It occurs on either the 14th or the 15th of January: the Tamil population observes Pongal, one of India's greatest prominent holidays.

The Pongal festival takes place during this period of Tai in the Tamil calendar. The Sun God is the focus of this four-day festival. On this day, the solar year begins with Uttarayan, the northern voyage of the Sun.

Lord Shiva allegedly told the bull Basava to come to Earth and demand that humans have daily oil massages and baths. As for eating every day and taking a monthly oil bath, Basava made that announcement.

Lord Shiva becomes enraged and curses the Basava to dwell on Earth indefinitely, saying that the Basava must cultivate the crops and assist humans in growing more food.

As a direct consequence of this, this event is celebrated after the harvest with the crops and the cattle.

Where is Pongal celebrated -
Tamil Naidu

Key Attraction -
Houses decorated with Kolam, bull-taming competitions, a bonfire made from agricultural waste, and prayers for the prosperity of the family were all part of the celebrations.

Date - 14th or 15th of January

Baisakhi

The first day of the solar year is April 13th, 2022. Baisakhi will be held on this day. This festival is celebrated across Punjab, located in the northern part of India, to express gratitude to God for the bountiful crop.

On this auspicious day, Sikh worshipers may be seen thronging the Gurdwaras located around the region.. At Vaisakhi, people participate in cultural performances.

Sikhs have observed Baisakhi since the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh Ji, established the Khalsa Panth on this day in 1699. The Sikh New Year's festival is another name for this event.

When the harvest is over, the people who live in the countryside of Punjab have a fantastic time. Many crowds gathered at Anandpur Sahib, where the Khalsa was founded, to celebrate Baisakhi collectively.

Sikhs and their relative's frequent gurdwaras in urban areas. All Sikhs gather at gurudwaras with their loved ones to partake in religious rituals such as holy bathing and feasting. For the same reason, individuals from diverse faiths also visit.

Where is Baisakhi celebrated - Haryana and Punjab

Key Attraction - At Vaisakhi, people participate in cultural performances..

Date - In the month of April

Lohri

The best celebrations in northern India, Lohri, won't be far off now that winter has finally arrived. The winter solstice and the rabi harvest are commemorated at this holiday, which Sikhs and Hindus largely observe.

An enormous amount of energy and enthusiasm goes into the annual celebration, which takes place on January 13th.

In the history of Dulla Bhatti, a mythical champion of Punjab, Akbar's Mughal ruler, the festival's roots may be directly traced to his uprising against Akbar.

Each year, the festival of Lohri is celebrated by lighting a massive bonfire in the garden, which takes place after the rabi crops have been harvested. yard.

Cattle dung is used to create little Lohri deity idols, placed in front of the flames. Traditional attired people gather around a campfire at dusk to toss sesame seeds, honey, and rewaries. They dance and sing all around the campfire till the flames go out.

Where is Lohri celebrated - Punjab

Key Attraction - The Punjabi traditional song Sunder Mundriye, which everyone sings.

Date - In the month of January

Holi

Good triumphed over evil, and the monster Holika was eradicated in India's annual festival of Holi. Celebrations occur every year in Phalguna month, which occurs in early March.

It's a Hindu tradition to parade around town, spraying coloured powder on passers-by while singing songs to mark the arrival of spring or other significant Hindu celebrations.

In Hinduism, the festival of Holi has significant cultural importance. It marks the conclusion of the dispute and the commencement of a fresh start, allowing people to realize and forgive one another.

The majority of people will, at some point in their lives, find it necessary to eliminate their debt and make other changes in their living situations. ls.

As a celebration of the holiday, revelers smeared coloured powder all over one other's faces and threw coloured water at each other.

Festivals usually include the use of bhang, a paste derived from cannabis plants. Foreign visitors flock to Rajasthan during Holi, notably to Jaipur, Pushkar, and Udaipur, where the festivities occur.

Many hostels for backpackers conduct Holi celebrations for their visitors. Jaipur has a separate Holi event put on by Rajasthan Tourism.

Where is Holi celebrated - Vrindavan, Barsana, and Mathura

Key Attraction - During the celebration of the event, a wide range of colors may be seen being played with.

Date - In the month of March

Onam

To welcome Onam, a prominent holiday mostly performed in Kerala when monsoons depart the region, the atmosphere is charged with vitality, pleasure, and goodwill.

Every aspect of this celebration is a work of art, from the adorned elephants to the Pulikali performers to the enormous snake boats that line up along the coast.

The first month of the Malayalam calendar, Chingam, starts with Onam, the most important event of the festival. This normally takes place from August - to September.

The festivities associated with Onam last for 10 days, and everyone from the very young to the very old takes part in them with great fervour. Onam is a major celebration in Kerala, and the state observes a holiday in honor of it.

During August and September, the monsoon season ends, and the harvesting season begins; this 10-day holiday is observed to recognize the occasion.

For ten days, Onam is honored in various ways, such as via prayers, cultural activities, boat races and concerts, and the fabrication of flower patterns known as pookkalam. There are many traditions and actions that families do together.

Where is Onam celebrated - Kerala

Key Attraction - Recipes from the traditional cuisine of Kerala, such as Rasam, Payasam, brown rice, Avial, and parippu curry, are presented to visitors in the region's distinctive green leaf packaging.

Date - Between August to September

Bihu

Assam's national festival, known as Bihu, celebrates the region's tea plantations, the Brahmaputra River, and greenery woods. In Assam, the Bihu festival is regarded as one of the most important cultural events in the region.

Bihu is a celebration that takes place over two days. Uruka is the name given on the first day of the festival.

Youthful people participate in the celebration by constructing makeshift shelters out of bamboo, twigs, and thatch and giving them the names Meji and Bhelaghar.

In the middle of the night, Bhuj plans take place, and attendees enjoy delicious meals in makeshift shelters while catching up with friends and family.

As a post-harvest rite known as Meji is celebrated on Day 2, people burn bonfires to honor their ancestor deities and thank them for the harvest.

For the MejiJwala ritual, people burn their makeshift dwellings today. The celebration is associated with mouthwatering food, and on this particular day, a wide range of sticky rice and sweets made from till and jaggery are prepared.

Where is Bihu celebrated - Assam

Key Attraction - The celebration is associated with mouthwatering food, and on this particular day, a wide range of sticky rice and sweets made from till and jaggery are prepared.

Date - 14th January 2022 (May Vary)

Naukhai

You may celebrate the holiday by giving presents to your loved ones, wishing them a happy occasion and gathering with your family. Rather than focusing on their flaws, people establish new relationships from the ground up.

At night, individuals exchange blessings as a way of greeting one another. This exemplifies the significance of holidays in our culture, which serve to foster feelings of fraternity, connection, and solidarity among individuals.

Folk music, dances, and theatre will round out the event, showcasing the many facets of local history and culture.

An agricultural festival is held each year to celebrate the rice harvest in a place where farming is the principal source of income.

Tribals once inhabited the hilly region of western Odisha, where they subsisted mostly on hunting and collecting food.

The event functioned as a celebration of agriculture, which was encouraged by the locals who had chosen a more established way of life via farming.

Every year, inhabitants of the 10 districts of Odisha are reminded of their shared culture and history via this annual festival.

Where is Naukhai celebrated - Orissa

Key Attraction - The sweet pancakes are made

Date - 11th September 2022 

Ugadi

Hindus celebrate Ugadi, one of the most important holidays, with much pomp and ceremony. Ugadi is the festival that marks the beginning of the New Year for those who speak Telugu and Kannada.

Participants come from a variety of religious backgrounds, including Hindus, Sindhis, and Maharashtrians. Depending on where you live, you may recognize the event by various names.

This event is observed uniquely by each state. An annual Hindu celebration known as Ugadi is held to greet the New Year with joy and wealth.

Another reason why this celebration is so significant to this area because its timing coincides with spring's unofficial arrival. A bountiful harvest is on everyone's mind as they get excited about the upcoming season.

Ugadi is also regarded as a holy period for starting new businesses. There are usually a few days of planning before the celebrations begin. People from all walks of life begin the day by taking an oil bath and donning fresh traditional clothing.

Where is Ugadi celebrated - Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

Key Attraction - Raw mango, neem, jaggery, and tamarind are used in the preparation of Ugadi delicacies such as Ugadi Pachadi, Pulihora, and Bobbatlu.

Date - 13th April 2022 

Gudipadwa

In the first week of Chaitra, when the Hindu calendar year begins, it is traditionally celebrated as Gudi Padwa. This holiday marks the beginning of the year according to the Hindu calendar.

The residents of Maharqastra give this day a lot of importance in their celebrations. People clean their houses and yards around this time of year in preparation for the coming of the new year in the most positive manner possible.

On this day, an oil bath is a requirement. Women use Rangolis to adorn the front doorways of their homes. An important aspect of the tradition is donning brand-new outfits, particularly kurta-pajamas and sarees.

In terms of significance, the raising of Gudi is the most significant component of the event.

When the Gudi has been raised to its proper height, the participants then arrange themselves in the shape of a pyramid so that they may smash the coconut that is contained within the Gudi.

Almost everyone in Maharashtra participates in this festive ceremony, which is significant in its own right. Males and teenage boys can only perform this rite.

Where is Gudipadwa celebrated - Maharashtra

Key Attraction - Mango and neem leaves are used by the locals to build Gudi, which are then hung at the entryway..

Date - 13th April 2022 

Basant Panchami

The festival of Basant Panchami, which also goes by the name Saraswati Puja, is held in honor of the goddess Saraswati and is one of the most important Hindu holidays.

Spring is just around the corner, and this event is a great way to get ready for the season ahead.

On this day, families celebrate by taking time to sit down with their infants and toddlers and guiding them through the process of writing their 1st word with their hands.

It's a spring harvest celebration known as Basant Panchami. At Basant Panchami, mustard fields are bright yellow, symbolizing the festival's harvest.

The yellow blossoms of fully grown mustard crops are revered on this holiday. It is a time of joy and celebration. Yellow saris, blouses, and other accessories are commonplace, as are appetizers and sweets in the hue yellow.

If you have an extravagant meal, you may want to consider serving saffron-infused rice to your guests. Basant Panchami is regarded as the beginning of spring, a favorable period for harvesting crops.

Where is Basant Panchamicelebrated - Bihar and West Bengal

Key Attraction - Indian dishes such as Meethe Chawal, Maake ki Roti, and Sarso Ka Saag are prepared in this occasion.

Date - 16th Feburary 2022 

Wangala

Wangala Festival, also famous as the 100 drum celebration, is a major event in Meghalaya, India's north-eastern state. The Garo Tribe's most significant celebration, held since 1976, draws a large number of visitors.

The Sun God Saljong is worshipped by tribals who make offerings to him at Wangala. The Wangala Festival is sometimes referred to as the Celebration of the Hundred Drums.

A harvest festival is being held in honour of the divine donor Misi Saljong, who is responsible for bestowing a plentiful crop on the human population during the present season.

This festival is held in accordance with tradition. The local priest is in charge of the festivities during the ritual, which takes place at Asanang, located close to Tura in the West Garo Hills.

Wangala has Garo participants called 'nominal and 'pante.' People of all ages dance to the beat of large oval-shaped drums while wearing brightly coloured costumes and feathery headgear.

This is the time to unwind, and for many days, the surrounding mountains and valleys will reverberate to the astonishing pounding of drums.

Festive attired men and women line up in two parallel lines for famous dance styles throughout the event, including minor tweaks to the core theme.

Where is Wangala celebrated - Assam and Meghalaya

Key Attraction - Drums, flutes, and gongs are used in this musical spectacle.

Date - 13th November 2022

Nabanna

The Hindu rice farmers of West Bengal and Bangladesh, India, have a celebration known as Nabanna, which may also be written as Savanna, to celebrate the harvest.

In the Bangla month of Agrahayana, which comes between November and December, Lakshmi, a goddess of prosperity and fertility, is celebrated.

The harvesting of India's rice fields is celebrated during the Nabana festival, one of the country's crop celebrations.

Among the most widely celebrated customs in Bengal is harvesting fresh rice with unbridled jubilation and the subsequent stockpiling of the grain in people's houses.

While praising Goddess Lakshmi for her favors, farmers from Bengal engage in this harvest rite in Agrahayan month, which is celebrated in Bengal.

The tourism board in West Bengal has taken this opportunity to make the state more welcoming to visitors from other parts of the nation.

Where is Nabanna celebrated - West Bangal

Key Attraction - Payesh, a traditional Indian dessert, is prepared with freshly harvested rice during Nabanna fair..

Date - In the month of June 

Ladakh Harvest Festival

The Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Bureau is responsible for putting up a large-scale event known as the Ladakh Festival every year in Leh.

From the 1st to the 15th of September, Ladakh's ancient culture is celebrated annually to raise awareness and funds for preservation efforts.

Some of the most expensively dressed troupes worldwide take part in this spectacular show. The lamas of Buddhist monasteries perform mask performances and male and female archery and dancing competitions.

Harvest festivals are among the world's earliest types of celebrations. To appreciate the natural world for the abundance it provides in the shape of fresh crops, they are a symbol of gratitude.

Harvest celebrations are common in India because of the country's diverse ecosystem. In light of the approaching end of the winter season, it is now appropriate to enjoy the benefits and commemorate the occasion.

In countries where agriculture is a major source of income, harvest is amongst the most significant occasions in the year.

Where is Ladakh Harvest Festival celebrated - Kargil, Ladakh, and Zanskar

Key Attraction - Choreographed performances depicting the life and teachings of Buddha, as well as the many dance styles of Tibetan culture, are performed.

Date - 3rd of January

Vishu

Vishu, the Malayalam new year's eve holiday celebrated by Keralites in Kerala and throughout the world, is a celebration of fresh starts and new hopes.

Since the term Vishu means equal, this festival is held to commemorate the spring equinox, which occurs when the length of the day and night are about the same.

After a good night's sleep, many people rise early hours of Vishu to wash and worship. The Vishu Kani, a collection of objects that have been put together, is the next thing that people look at on the Vishu day.

It is thought that seeing the Vishu Kani early on Vishu day would bring the viewer good fortune for the next year. Family members often create the Vishu Kani overnight before the celebration or early mornings on the day of Vishu.

Vishu Kani is a traditional Hindu feast that includes a lighted metal lantern and a variety of foods, including cucumbers, grains like rice, betel leaves, areca nuts, new garments, money, mangos, and jackfruit.

Where is Vishu celebrated - Karnataka and Kerala

Key Attraction - First sacred glimpse of Vishnu, the "Sadya," a lavish midday feast..

Date - 14th April 2022

Agera

The East Indian Catholic community in Mumbai celebrates Agera. Crops have been harvested after the monsoon rains. The very first fruits of the crop are presented to God after the harvesting.

One of the numerous harvest festivals held in India is called Agera, and the people who live in Mumbai participate in it with a great deal of excitement.

Harvest season is marked during the first week of October when Catholics in Mumbai, Raigad, Thane, and Vasai praise God for the wealth of benefits received.

It is also frequently referred to as Gratitude Sunday, and it is distinguished by a boisterous march to the nearby rice paddies when a priest blesses the land and picks a few piles of grain from the harvest.

There is music and dancing in the parade. As soon as the paddy has been blessed, it is taken to different food stands outside churches.

The field is blessed by one of the priests, and just a few rice stalks are harvested due to that blessing. A palki, accompanied by the local band, is used to carry the rice stalks to the cathedral.

Where is Agera celebrated - Mumbai

Key Attraction - The field is blessed by one of the priests, and a few rice stalks are harvested as a result. A palki, accompanied by the local band, is used to transport the rice stalks to the church..

Date - In the month of October

Dree Festival

An annual festival known as Dree is held in Ziro, the Arunachal Pradesh state, held each year on July 5th. Villagers' prayers mark festivities to God for grandeur and their pleasure and gladness.

They are all adorned in honor of the harvest festival's four gods, Tamu, Danyi, Metis, and Warning.

To get the party started a day early, each tribe doesn't wear their usual clothing but instead dons traditional garb and performs traditional dances to classical music.

Due to the fact that their dance is so unique, cucumbers will be served at the feast. The Dree Festival celebrates good fortune, money, and pleasure.

Wine and rice beer are made in every home on these auspicious days. It's customary for ladies in the family who live together to give their senior relatives a beer as a gesture of affection.

Where is Dree Festival celebrated - Arunachal Pradesh

Key Attraction - Wine and rice beer are made in every home on these auspicious days.

Date - 5th July

Ka Pomblang Nongkrem

One of Meghalaya's most prominent religious festivals is Ka Pomblang Nongkrem Festival. For the most part, the event takes place in November and lasts for around five days throughout the fall and winter months.

Wealth flows freely, animals are sacrificed, and a religious zeal permeates the ambiance. It's primarily a Meghalayan harvest celebration known as Ka Pomblang Nongkrem.

Khasi New Year is a major celebration in the region. Khasi men and female's ceremonial garb is another key festival feature. The Jensen is a kind of skirt that reaches the ankles and is worn by Khasi women.

A shawl is draped over the top of the garment. In addition, Khasi women use jewelry and other items to enhance their overall appearance.

The Khasi ladies also wear a silver crown, which is unusual and lovely. Dhotis and no-collar Jymphongs are the traditional attire of Khasi men.

Where is Ka Pomblang Nongkrem celebrated - Meghalaya

Key Attraction - The Khasi ladies also wear a silver crown, which is unusual and lovely. Dhotis and no-collar Jymphongs are the traditional attire of Khasi men.

Date - In the month of November

Conclusion

India is known for its Harvest Festival Of India, Farming serves as the principal means of subsistence for the overwhelming majority of the population. Economic growth, history, and social fiber are all infused with healthy greens.

Perhaps now, more than at any other time in the past, it is imperative that this attitude of thankfulness be carried to the agricultural community these days.

Society provides food to customers in rural and urban regions but still often finds itself on the bottom rung of the social hierarchy to show respect, prestige, and knowledge.

The most important thing right now, particularly in the aftermath of the demonstrations by farmers, is to have a deep understanding of their requirements and how the dynamics of trade work.

However, it is essential to recognize that their work is inseparable from the land's customs and traditions. As a result, identify the fundamental values around which the country is built.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the Harvest Festival of our India?

So, harvest festivals have been around for a long time, and this 'custom' is nothing new. People have given farming the respect it deserves since it was first used to produce food for their use and then for commerce.

Around the globe, different ethnic groups observe various kinds of harvest festivals at certain times of the year, owing to regional variances in crop production and temperatures.


2. What are the two harvest festivals of India?

The South Indian harvest festivals of Onam, Pongal, and Ugadi are well-known worldwide. Celebrations of the harvest take place across the Indian states during the busiest part of the harvest season for the region and its residents.

Every one of India's 28 states had a festive season year-round. Makara Sankranti, also referred to as Poush Parbon, Pongal, Lohri, Uttarayana, and Bhogali Bihu, is one of India's most important harvest celebrations.


3. How many harvest festivals are there in India?

On the same day, but with distinct traditions and rituals, it's possibly the only Indian celebration observed in every area, the same day, but in diverse ways.

January 14th is a joyous day in India since the harvest festival is celebrated in various ways in different nation sections. A significant astronomical transition occurs in the solar system, which is why harvest celebrations celebrate more than simply ripe crops.

shashank

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About the Author

Shashank Kataria has been working as a Tech Reviewer for ankuraggarwal.in since 2019. He reviews products including laptops, mobiles, wearable devices, headphones and so on. He belongs to Delhi and has done his education from Dyal Singh College.

He also holds a degree in MA in Journalism from IP University. He likes to learn new things that can enhance his skills. He also enjoys watching action movies. He is a gadget freak who loves to stay updated about technology.

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